Indiana remains a top agricultural state, according to new census

According to the newly released agricultural census data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Indiana remains a top agricultural state with agricultural products valued at more $18 billion.

“This data shows that agriculture remains a pillar of the Indiana economy with the total value of agriculture production growing 62% over the five year period,” said Lt. Gov. Suzanne Crouch, secretary of agriculture and rural development. “The Census of Agriculture is all encompassing, and it allows us to compare ourselves to fellow states, whether that is in ranking of commodities, prices, demographics and more.”

The Census of Agriculture is a complete count of U.S. farms and ranches and the people who operate them. Even small plots of land, whether rural or urban, growing fruit, vegetables or some food animals count if $1,000 or more of such products were raised and sold, or normally would have been sold, during the census year.

The Census of Agriculture, taken only once every five years, looks at land use and ownership, operator characteristics, production practices, income and expenditures.

The census counted 607 farms in Jackson County, spanning 168,778 acres in total. The average size of a Jackson County farm is 278 acres, while the average estimated market value of land and buildings for each farm is $1,934,735, or $6,958 per acre.

The average estimated market value of machinery and equipment for a Jackson County farm is $177,555. The average estimated market value of agricultural products sold per farm is $436,087. The average net income per farm is $153,756.

Seventy farms in Jackson County are 1 to 9 acres, 163 are 10 to 49 acres, 195 are 50 to 179 acres, 99 are 180 to 499 acres, 31 are 500 to 999 acres and 49 are 1,000 acres or more.

There are 173 Jackson County farms with beef cows, while nine have milk cows. Twenty-one farms have hogs and pigs with the number of hogs and pigs totaling 43,795. Seventeen farms have sheep and lambs with the number of sheep and lambs totaling 484.

Jackson County farms sold 4,854 calves and cattle and 43,795 hogs and pigs. There were 52,833 acres of corn for grain harvested, while 277 acres of corn for silage or greenchop were harvested. There also were 2,488 acres of wheat for grain harvested.

“We are thankful for all the farmers who completed the survey. This data allows our department to provide accurate and reliable information and data to Hoosiers, to farmers and to decision makers,” said Don Lamb, Indiana State Department of Agriculture director. “The data comes out every five years, and it’s always exciting to see our statewide growth.”

Data from the census shape programs and initiatives that benefit Indiana farmers, expand access to resources that help farmers and help farmers diversify into new markets, including local and regional food systems, specialty crops and organic production.

Listed below are some highlights from the 2022 Census of Agriculture for Indiana.

Indiana rankings:

-No. 1 producer of popcorn, gourds and duck

-No. 2 producer of pumpkins

-No. 3 producer of spearmint and turkeys

-No. 4 producer of peppermint and soybeans

-No. 5 producing state for corn and hogs

-No. 6 producer of eggs and watermelons

-No. 10 producing state for maple syrup and hemp for floral (CBD and other cannabinoid usage)

-Total value of agricultural production over $18 billion at 65% crops and 35% livestock (up from $11.1 million in 2017, a 64% increase)

Land data:

-Number of farms is 53,599

-Land in farms is 14.6 million acres

-Average farm size is 272 acres

-Top five Indiana counties with the largest number of farms: LaGrange, Elkhart, Allen, Adams and Daviess

-Top five Indiana counties with the highest value of agriculture production: Jay, Jasper, Elkhart, LaGrange and Dubois


-Indiana has 94,282 farmers (30,691 female and 63,321 male)

-Average age of the Hoosier farmer is 56 years old

-Young producers (those under 35 years old) total 11,058 with the average age as 28.7 years old

-New and beginning farmers (those with less than 10 years experience) total 26,428 with the average age as 43.2 years old

-Producers with military service totals 6,621

Additional USDA ag census data will be coming out throughout the year, including the market value of ag products sold, state and county profiles, race, ethnicity and gender profiles, watershed information, specialty crops, aquaculture and more. See all of those at